In Vietnam, there are 68 water supply companies, supplying drinking water to urban areas. Surface water sources account for 70% of the total source water and 30% of the rest is ground water. Water supply capacity: There are more than 420 water supply systems with a total designed capacity of 5.9 million m3/day. Operation capacity reaches 4.5 million m3/day, equal to 77% of the designed capacity. 70% for civil consumption; 14% for industrial and commercial usage; and 16% for other usage. By the end of the year 2010, 18.15 million people could have access to drinking water, accounting for 69% of the total urban population.
Key Sector Issues: Low rate coverage, High rate of leakage, Water price/tariff still low, Water resources getting depleted and polluted, and Funding for watrer supply projects are mostly foreign Official Development Aids (ODA)
Few domestic and foreign industry players have been active in water supply business in major cities of Vietnam including Manila Water (Philippines) in HCMC and Acuatico in Hanoi.